Immune and reproductive system impairment in adult sea urchin exposed to nanosized ZnO via food

Sonia Manzo, Simona Schiavo, Maria Oliviero, Alfonso Toscano, Martina Ciaravolo, Paola Cirino

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17 Citations (Scopus)


In marine environment the release and the consequent sedimentation of ZnO NPs, mainly used in sunscreens, could provoke toxic effects in particular in grazer organisms, like sea urchins. In this work, a first evaluation of DNA and cellular effects on adult sea urchins Paracentrotus lividus exposed through the diet to different sizes (100 and 14 nm) ZnO NPs, was performed. Moreover, the consequent impact upon offspring quality was evaluated. Preliminarily results showed that the assumption of food containing ZnO NPs 100 nm provoked in adult echinoids damages to immune cells (33% of damaged nucleus) and transmissible effects to offspring (75.5% of malformed larvae). Instead food with ZnO NPs 14 nm provoked 64% of damaged nucleus in immune cells and 84.7% of malformed larvae.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9 - 13
Number of pages5
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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