Imprint of cosmic neutrino decoupling in the spectrum of inflationary gravitational waves

Massimiliano Lattanzi, Riccardo Benini, Giovanni Montani

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In this paper we study the effect of cosmic neutrino decoupling on the spectrum of cosmological gravitational waves (GWs). Before decoupling, namely at temperatures T ≫1 MeV, neutrinos constitute a perfect fluid and do not hinder GW propagation, while well after decoupling, for T ≪1 MeV, they free-stream generating an effective viscosity that damps cosmological GWs by a constant amount. In the intermediate regime, corresponding to the time of neutrino decoupling, the damping is frequency-dependent. GWs entering the horizon during neutrino decoupling have a frequency f ∼ 1 nHz; in particular, we show how neutrino decoupling induces a step in the spectrum of cosmological GWs just below 1 nHz, a frequency region that will be probed by Pulsar Timing Arrays (PTAs). We briefly discuss the conditions for a detection of this feature and conclude that it is unlikely to be observed by PTAs. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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