A method to determine the concentration of deuterium inside a palladium cathode during the electrolysis of LiOD-heavy water solution is described. This method is based on the measurement of the host metal lattice parameter which is linearly related to the concentration in a wide range. A hard-x-ray beam which is able to cross two glass walls and few centimeters of water solutions without suffering a strong attenuation has been used. The measurement of the lattice parameter is performed in situ, during the electrolysis, by using energy dispersive x-ray diffraction. The sample volume illuminated by the x-ray beam is limited to a small region close to the surface and depends on the incident photon energy. In principle, this allows one to study the dynamics of the charging process and to determine the concentration profile in the range from few up to tens of micrometers. The deuterium concentration, determined by this method, was then checked by degassing the cathode in a known volume and was always found in a very good agreement, showing that the charging was uniform for the whole sample. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Felici, R., Bertalot, L., DeNinno, A., LaBarbera, A., & Violante, V. (1995). In situ measurement of the deuterium (hydrogen) charging of a palladium electrode during electrolysis by energy dispersive x-ray diffraction. Review of Scientific Instruments, 66(5), 3344 - 3348. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1145505