In future DT fusion machines, several events will generate highly tritiated water (HTW). Among potential techniques for HTW processing, isotopic swamping in a catalytic membrane reactor (PERMCAT) appears promising. The experimental demonstration of PERMCAT for HTW processing has started in the CAPER facility at the Tritium Laboratory of Karlsruhe (TLK). Without any HTW source, such water has to be produced on purpose. Catalytic HT oxidation would ensure clean operation but could be critical for operation due to possible occurrence of explosive mixture. A tritium compatible micro-channel catalytic reactor (μCCR) has been designed and manufactured to produce up to 10 mL min-1of HTW with very high specific tritium activity (stoichiometric DTO: 5.2 × 1016Bq kg-1). Prior to its integration in CAPER for tritium operation, this reactor has been commissioned at different feed flow rates, gas composition (air or Helium), and temperature. The results demonstrate the good performances of the μCCR in producing water. The combination of the μCCR with the O2sensor represents a reliable system able to produce HTW in a safe way and without radioactive waste. Accordingly, the CAPER facility can be upgrade in order to continue the R&D activity on HTW processing with PERMCAT. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Santucci, A., Demange, D., Goerke, O., Le, T. L., Pfeifer, P., & Welte, S. (2012). Inactive commissioning of a micro channel catalytic reactor for highly tritiated water production in the CAPER facility of TLK. Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(5-6), 547 - 550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2012.01.021