In the last few years, it has been realized that more sophisticated control schemes are necessary to push the boundaries of tokamak operation and the performance of reactor-like machines. In addition, JET needs to operate safely with the new metallic wall and such protection will be needed for ITER. These objectives have motivated the development, benchmark and validation of new signal processing and data analysis methods. Two new approaches for the determination of the magnetic topology in real time have been validated on an extensive database of JET discharges, including advanced tokamak scenarios. Robust methods of confinement regime identification and disruption prediction are a prerequisite for safe, general control schemes. New identifiers have been developed and their success rates exceed 99% in determining whether plasmas are in the L or H mode. A new disruption predictor is being developed and has already provided success rates higher than 90% in realistic real-time conditions. Moreover, the generalization capability of this new predictor has been confirmed by applying it to new experimental campaigns not used for the training. The success rate remains high even more than ten campaigns, or about four years, after the last one used for the training. The deployment of video cameras in real time requires the development of new image processing algorithms, which have already been implemented and validated successfully on JET for the real-time identification of hot spots with a time resolution of tens of milliseconds. A series of new feedback schemes has also been explicitly developed not much to control the plasma but to really improve the physics understanding of some phenomena. Particularly interesting are the simultaneous control of the safety factor and pressure profiles and the real-time tracking of toroidal Alfven eigenmode instabilities. These advanced feedback schemes for physics understanding often require more advanced signal processing techniques like adaptive filtering, which have already been implemented. The paper concludes by discussing the use of these real-time analysis and control developments in next-step machines such as ITER.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
Murari, A., Vega, J., Mazon, D., Rattà, G. A., Svensson, J., Palazzo, S., ... Moreau, D. (2010). Innovative signal processing and data analysis methods on JET for control in the perspective of next-step devices. Nuclear Fusion, 50(5), -. . https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/50/5/055005