Interannual and decadal SST-forced responses of the West African monsoon

Belén Rodríguez-Fonseca, Serge Janicot, Elsa Mohino, Teresa Losada, Juergen Bader, Cyril Caminade, Fabrice Chauvin, Bernard Fontaine, Javier García-Serrano, Sebastien Gervois, Mathieu Joly, Irene Polo, Paolo Ruti, Pascal Roucou, Aurore Voldoire

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We review the studies carried out during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA)-EU on the changes of interannual sea surface temperature (SST)-West African monsoon (WAM) covariability at multidecadal timescales, together with the influence of global warming (GW). The results obtained in the AMMA-EU suggest the importance of the background state, modulated by natural and anthropogenic variability, in the appearance of different interannual modes. The lack of reliability of current coupled models in giving a realistic assessment for WAM in the future is also stated. Copyright © 2011 Royal Meteorological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67 - 74
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Science Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Rodríguez-Fonseca, B., Janicot, S., Mohino, E., Losada, T., Bader, J., Caminade, C., ... Voldoire, A. (2011). Interannual and decadal SST-forced responses of the West African monsoon. Atmospheric Science Letters, 12(1), 67 - 74.