Intercomparison of alpha and gamma spectrometry techniques used in

Agata Zaborska, JoLynn Carroll, Carlo Papucci, Janusz Pempkowiak

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Abstract

210Pb geochronology is a widely used tool in sedimentological studies aimed at the absolute ages of modern sediments (up to 100 years).210Pb activities required to model sedimentation regimes are measured using either alpha, gamma or beta spectrometry. Sediment accumulation rates derived from210Pb activity profiles measured by these methods are often used interchangeably in mass balance studies. Yet there is a lack of investigations considering the comparability of data derived using different analytical methods. Differences between methods could be caused by different behaviors of210Pb and210Po (used for alpha measurement) in the marine environment. In gamma spectrometry errors may arise when many gamma emitters are measured simultaneously and their activity peaks overlap. In alpha spectrometry chemical separation of210Po may result in analytical error due to incomplete sample dissolution. In the present study we evaluate total, supported and excess210Pb activities and their use in deriving sediment accumulation rates and210Pb excess inventories for three sediment cores collected from the Barents Sea.210Pb activities derived by alpha and gamma methods are shown to agree within counting error and there is also good agreement in the derived sediment accumulation rates. The inherent compatibility of analytical results based on alpha or gamma techniques is established. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38 - 50
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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