IRES: A code evaluating the beamlet beamlet interaction for multi-aperture electrostatic accelerators

N. Pilan, G. Serianni, V. Antoni

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The beamlet-beamlet interaction is an important process which has a relevant impact on the design of the grids for a multi-aperture electrostatic accelerator. Space-charge effect leads to beamlet deflection increasing the divergence of the whole beamlet group. According to the beamlet deflection, the grid apertures have to be properly aligned in order to provide the correct aiming of the beamlets and to avoid excessive thermal load on the grids. A new tool called IRES (Ion Relativistic Equation Solver) has been developed in Matlab® to simulate the 3D trajectories of a whole group of beamlets by integrating the relativistic equation of motion; the benchmark between this simple code and the results calculated by other tools can be useful to address the electrostatic accelerator design toward a reliable solution. The IRES code starts from a three-dimensional map of magnetic and electric fields evaluated by other software packages (e.g. ANSYS® or Comsol Multiphysics® ) and it determines iteratively the central particle trajectory of each beamlet. The field map is then updated by taking into account the effect of the spatial charge due to the negative ion beamlets; the process is repeated until a self-consistent solution is reached both for the field maps and the trajectories. The code has been validated in the case of a simple beamletbeamlet interaction by comparing the results with those obtained using an analytical formula. IRES has then been applied to study the trajectories of negative ions in the 1 MV ITER Neutral Beam Injector with a single gap configuration (SINGAP). It is expected that the advantage of using IRES will be apparent when evaluating the beam divergence in the presence of a large number of beamlets, due to the one-dimensional approximation used in the code. ©2009 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009 - , United States
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

Conference

Conference2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009
CountryUnited States
Period1/1/09 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Pilan, N., Serianni, G., & Antoni, V. (2009). IRES: A code evaluating the beamlet beamlet interaction for multi-aperture electrostatic accelerators. Paper presented at 2009 23rd IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, SOFE 2009, United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/FUSION.2009.5226536