The paper presents and discusses the results of the activation calculations for ITER to investigate the effect of a possible increase of the neutron fluence on the First Wall (FW) and of the use of tungsten instead of beryllium as inboard and outboard FW protective layer. The new analyses based on the recent ITER design have been performed using the most recent, reliable and validated nuclear data and codes. Three situations have been considered: (1) average FW neutron fluence of 1.0 MWa/m2 with beryllium FW protective layers (PLs); (2) average FW neutron fluence of 0.5 MWa/m2 with tungsten FW PLs and (3) average FW neutron fluence of 1.0 MWa/m2 with tungsten FW PLs. The used approach considers the Scalenea-1 radiation transport sequence for obtaining the 175 groups neutron fluxes in all the materials/zones on the radial direction of the ITER equatorial midplane and the EASY2007 code package for the material activation analysis. For tungsten PLs, calculations have also been performed using a MCNP approach in a 1D geometry. In this way the effect of the multi-group treatment of cross-sections is compared versus a continuous energy treatment and the deriving self-shielding effect is determined in the case of W where many resonances are present. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Cambi, G., Cepraga, D. G., Petrizzi, L., Villari, R., & Moro, F. (2009). Issues from activation/dose rates calculation for full W ITER machine and increased fluence. Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), 530 - 533. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2009.02.036