Background: Crohn's disease is a multifactorial disease in which an aberrant immune response to commensal intestinal microbiota leads to chronic inflammation. The small intestine of patients with Crohn's disease is colonized by a group of adherent-invasive Escherichia coli strongly able to adhere and invade intestinal epithelial cells lactoferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein known to have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. Aims: We explore the ability of bovine lactoferrin to modulate the interactions between the adherent-invasive E. coli strain LF82 and intestinal epithelial cells as well as the inflammatory response. Methods: Bacterial adhesion and invasion assays were used to assess the antimicrobial activity of lactoferrin. Electron microscopy was used to characterize bacteria-cell interactions. The mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was measured both in cultured cells and in biopsies taken from intestine of patients affected by Crohn's disease. Results: Lactoferrin inhibited bacterial invasion through minimally affecting adhesion. This divergence was due to a mannose-dependent lactoferrin binding to the bacterial type 1 pili and consequent bacterial aggregation on the intestinal epithelial cell surface. Expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-8, and IL-6, was markedly inhibited by lactoferrin both in cultured and Crohn-derived intestinal cells. Conclusions: Bovine lactoferrin might function via an antibacterial and/or anti-inflammatory mechanism in the treatment of Crohn's disease. © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Bertuccini, L., Costanzo, M., Iosi, F., Tinari, A., Terruzzi, F., Stronati, L., Aloi, M., Cucchiara, S., & Superti, F. (2014). Lactoferrin prevents invasion and inflammatory response following E. coli strain LF82 infection in experimental model of Crohn's disease. Digestive and Liver Disease, 46(6), 496 - 504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2014.02.009