Objective To investigate the larvicidal activity of Syzygium guineense (Myrtaceae) (S. guineense), Monodora myristica and Zanthoxylum heitzii (Rutaceae) (Z. heitzii) extracts against Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus). Methods The larvicidal activity of the hydro-ethanolic extracts from these plant species was assessed at three different concentrations (50, 100 and 200 mg/L) on first-instar of Ae. albopictus larvae in comparison with untreated controls. Mortality rate was recorded daily for a period of 12 days. The values of LC50and lethal time killing 50% of the tested individuals (LT50) were calculated using the log-probit analysis. Results The root extract of S. guineense exhibited the best activity with 100% mortality after 8 days of treatment at 200 mg/L, followed by the fruit extract of Z. heitzii with 83.33% mortality at the same concentration. Nonetheless, larvae were most susceptible to the fruit extract of Z. heitzii both in terms of LC50(39.89 mg/L) and LT50(145.68 h). A statistically significant difference between the control and the group treated at 200 mg/L was noticed in all the extracts. Conclusions The present study shows that the hydro-ethanolic extracts of S. guineense, Monodora myristica and Z. heitzii tested have significant larvicidal activity. These preliminary results are of great interest and some of these plant species can be proposed for the formulation of new bioinsecticides to control Ae. albopictus populations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Francine, T. N., Prosper Cabral, B. N., Constant Anatole, P., Bruno, M. M., Pauline, N., & Jeanne, N. Y. (2016). Larvicidal activities of hydro-ethanolic extracts of three Cameroonian medicinal plants against Aedes albopictus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 6(11), 931 - 936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2016.09.004