Laser remote monitoring of plant photosynthetic activity

Roberto Barbini, Francesco Colao, Roberta Fantoni, Antonio Palucci, Sergio Ribezzo

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Laboratory measurements of laser induced chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics (Kautsky effect) on dark-adapted vegetation targets (maize, pine-tree) have been performed with a lidar fluorosensor by superimposing probe pulses upon an actinic light. The collected induction curves (fast rise and slow decline) have been used to reveal the occurrence of stresses and the damage produced by a pine-tree parasite. A new two-pulse LIF (laser induced fluorescence) methodology has been investigated both theoretically and experimentally, in view of remotely monitoring the plant photosynthetic activity. This technique may yield information upon the in-vivo photosynthetic processes of plants, revealing a possible stress status (nutrients depletion, presence of herbicides, photoinhibition, etc.). The lidar apparatus used contains two laser sources in order to differentially measure the chlorophyll fluorescence by means of a laser pump-and-probe technique. In fact LIF signals in the red chlorophyll band 690 nm may provide in-vivo information upon photosynthesis process in high order plants and algae. Laser pump-and-probe experimental tests, with excitation 355 nm or 532 nm, already detect the presence of herbicides, and the effects of plant exposure to thermal stresses and to low levels of gaseous pollutants. Laser measured fluorescence yields (Y) have been found to be consistent with those obtained by an in-situ fluorimeter (PAM). With proper choices of experimental parameters (pump and probe laser intensities), Y approaches the theoretical value expected for a healthy dark-adapted plant.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventRemote Sensing for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources - , Unknown
Duration: 1 Jan 1995 → …

Conference

ConferenceRemote Sensing for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources
CountryUnknown
Period1/1/95 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Barbini, R., Colao, F., Fantoni, R., Palucci, A., & Ribezzo, S. (1995). Laser remote monitoring of plant photosynthetic activity. Paper presented at Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources, Unknown.