Late-Middle Pleistocene mammal faunas of Latium (central Italy): stratigraphy and environment

L. Caloi, M.R. Palombo, F. Zarlenga

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Abstract

Mammal fauns referred to the late-Middle Pleistocene have been known for a long time from Latium, especially from the 'Bassa Campagna Romana', where the explosive products of the Sabatinian and Alban volcanic districts are interbedded with sedimentary cycles, that represent alluvial fills. The faunas have been examined by several authors but discordant opinions have been expressed about the age of the beds where the faunas were found. The faunal association of Castel di Guido-La Polledrara-Malagrotta, Riano Flaminio and Torre in Pietra (lower beds) belong to the first sedimentary cycle named Aurelia Formation, which is related to oxygen isotope stage 9. The character of these faunas suggests several cool-temperate oscillations within this stage and the presence of an open environment along the coast, whereas inland, deciduous forests, indicating moist temperate conditions, were present. The associations of Torre in Pietra (upper beds), Vitinia, and Sedia del Diavolo are referred to a second sedimentary cycle, named the 'Vitinia Formation', related to oxygen isotope stage 7' these associations are modern in character, and are generally dominated by fallow deer. The climatic conditions were warm-temperate and wet, with an expansion of thermophilous forests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77 - 86
Number of pages10
JournalQuaternary International
Volume47-48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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