LHCD and coupling experiments with an ITER-like PAM launcher on the FTU tokamak

V. Pericoli Ridolfini, Ph. Bibet, F. Mirizzi, M.L. Apicella, E. Barbato, P. Buratti, G. Calabrò, A. Cardinali, G. Granucci, L. Panaccione, S. Podda, C. Sozzi, A.A. Tuccillo

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A prototype passive active multijunction (PAM) launcher for lower hybrid (LH) waves conceptually similar to that foreseen for ITER has been successfully tested on FTU at frequency f ≤ 8 GHz. The power routinely and safely managed for the maximum time allowed by the LH power plant (0.9 s) without any fault in the transmission lines is 250 kW, corresponding to 75 MW m-2across the antenna active area and very close to the design value of 270 kW or 80 MW m-2. The achieved value is at least 1.4 times larger than the ITER request, which would be only 52 MW m-2, if the 33 MW m-2required to the ITER grill in order to couple 20 MW to the plasma, are scaled up linearly with f, from fITER≤ 5 GHz. This linear scaling of the power handling capability of the LH antennae is indeed conservative with respect to the available data. The test results validate also the other two main expectations relevant to ITER, foreseen by the codes, namely to operate with the grill entirely in the vessel shadow and to still preserve good current drive (CD) efficiency. Even with the grill mouth retracted 2 mm inside the port shadow and with density in front of the launcher very close or even lower than the cut-off value, the PAM reflection coefficient is always ≤ 2.5%, if the antenna has been properly conditioned. The CD efficiency is comparable to that of a conventional grill, once the lower directivity is taken into account. Flexibility in determining the N∥spectrum is also maintained, according to hard x-rays and electron cyclotron emission spectra. Conditioning the PAM in order to operate at the ITER equivalent power level required only one day of radio-frequency operation, without a previous baking of the waveguides. © 2005 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1085 - 1093
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Ridolfini, V. P., Bibet, P., Mirizzi, F., Apicella, M. L., Barbato, E., Buratti, P., ... Tuccillo, A. A. (2005). LHCD and coupling experiments with an ITER-like PAM launcher on the FTU tokamak. Nuclear Fusion, 45(9), 1085 - 1093. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/45/9/008