Nowadays the intentional diffusion in air (both in open and confined environments) of chemical contaminants is a dramatic source of risk for the public health worldwide. The needs of a high-tech networks composed by software, diagnostics, decision support systems and cyber security tools are urging all the stakeholders (military, public, research & academic entities) to create innovative solutions to face this problem and improve both safety and security. The Quantum Electronics and Plasma Physics (QEP) Research Group of the University of Rome Tor Vergata is working since the 1960s on the development of laser-based technologies for the stand-off detection of contaminants in the air. Up to now, four demonstrators have been developed (two LIDAR-based and two DIAL-based) and have been used in experimental campaigns during all 2015. These systems and technologies can be used together to create an innovative solution to the problem of public safety and security: the creation of a network composed by detection systems: A low cost LIDAR based system has been tested in an urban area to detect pollutants coming from urban traffic, in this paper the authors show the results obtained in the city of Crotone (south of Italy). This system can be used as a first alarm and can be coupled with an identification system to investigate the nature of the threat. A laboratory dial based system has been used in order to create a database of absorption spectra of chemical substances that could be release in atmosphere, these spectra can be considered as the fingerprints of the substances that have to be identified. In order to create the database absorption measurements in cell, at different conditions, are in progress and the first results are presented in this paper.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mathematical Physics
Gaudio, P., Malizia, A., Gelfusa, M., Murari, A., Parracino, S., Poggi, L. A., Lungaroni, M., Ciparisse, J. F., Giovanni, D. D., Cenciarelli, O., Carestia, M., Peluso, E., Gabbarini, V., Talebzadeh, S., & Bellecci, C. (2017). Lidar and Dial application for detection and identification: A proposal to improve safety and security. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(1), -. [C01054]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/01/C01054