Lithium insertion in graphite from ternary ionic liquid-lithium salt electrolytes: II. Evaluation of specific capacity and cycling efficiency and stability at room temperature

Simon F. Lux, Martin Schmuck, Giovanni B. Appetecchi, Stefano Passerini, Martin Winter, Andrea Balducci

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102 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we report the results about the use of ternary room temperature ionic liquid-lithium salt mixtures as electrolytes for lithium-ion battery systems. Mixtures of N-methyl-N-propyl pyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide, PYR13FSI, and N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethansulfonyl) imide, PYR14TFSI, with lithium hexafluorophosphate, LiPF6and lithium bis(trifluoromethansulfonyl) imide, LiTFSI, containing 5 wt.% of vinylene carbonate (VC) as additive, have been used in combination with a commercial graphite, KS6 TIMCAL. The performance of the graphite electrodes has been considered in term of specific capacity, cycling efficiency and cycling stability. The results clearly show the advantage of the use of ternary mixtures on the performance of the graphite electrode. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606 - 611
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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