Long-Duration Soft X-Ray Pulses by XeCl Laser Driven Plasmas and Applications

S. BOLLANTI, P.DI. LAZZARO, F. FLORA, G. GIORDANO, T. LETARDI, G. SCHINA, C.E. ZHENG, L. FILIPPI, L. PALLADINO, A. REALE, G. TAGLIERI, D. BATANI, A. MAURI, M. BELLI, A. SCAFATI, L. REALE, P. ALBERTANO, A. GRILLI, A. FAENOV, T. PIKUZR. COTTON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the characterization of a soft x-ray plasma source generated by a long-pulse XeCl excimer laser system. The output energy is 4 J at a wavelength of 308 nm in a 100-ns pulse. The intensity of radiation on target is estimated to be 4 × 1012W cm-2. X-ray emission spectra of the plasma have been recorded using a double focusing spatial resolution spectrometer with a spherical mica crystal. From these measurements, the plasma temperature and electron density have been estimated. Various applications of such a plasma source have been investigated. First images of whole intact living cells from our system, imaged using the technique of soft x-ray contact microscopy, utilizing x rays in the "water window" region (280-530 eV), are shown. The suitability of the source for other applications, for example, x-ray lithography and radiation damage studies, to living cells are discussed. Possible improvements to the x-ray source for the various applications are proposed. © 1995.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261 - 277
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of X-Ray Science and Technology
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

BOLLANTI, S., LAZZARO, P. DI., FLORA, F., GIORDANO, G., LETARDI, T., SCHINA, G., ... COTTON, R. (1995). Long-Duration Soft X-Ray Pulses by XeCl Laser Driven Plasmas and Applications. Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology, 5(3), 261 - 277. https://doi.org/10.1006/jxra.1995.0002