Background/Aims. To compare efficacy of combined therapy with rifaximin and mesalazine versus rifaximin alone in treatment of patients with recurrent diverticulitis in order to evaluate: 1) rapidity in improvement of symptoms, 2) regulation of bowel attacks, 3) prevention of recurrence of diverticulitis. Methods. A total of 218 consecutive eligible patients (131 males, 87 females age 64.3 years, range 51-79), affected by diverticulitis were monitored. Of these, 109 patients were treated with rifaximin 400 mg bid plus mesalazine 800 mg tid for 7 days, followed by rifaximin 400 mg bid plus mesalazine 800 mg bid for 7 days/month (group A); 109 patients were treated with rifaximin 400 mg bid for 7 days, followed by rifaximin 400 mg bid for 7 days/month (group B). Colonoscopy was performed after 3, 6 and 12 months of therapy. Results. At end of follow-up, 193 patients were fully compliant to therapy. Two patients died during study (1 in group A, 1 in group B), while four patients were lost to follow-up [1 in group A (0.91%) and 3 in group B (2.75%)]. The only side-effects recorded were transient urticaria (1 in group B, 0.91%) and epigastric pain (9 in group A, 8.25%). Severity of symptoms improved significantly in group A vs group B within 3 months (p<0.005, p<0.001 and p<0.0001 and p<0.0005 at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months, respectively). Bowel habits improved significantly in group A vs group B within 3 months (p<0.005, p<0.0005, p<0.001 and p<0.0001 at 3,6,9 and 12 months respectively). Symptomatic recurrence of diverticulitis occurred in 3 patients in group A, while 13 patients showed recurrence of diverticulitis in group B (p<0.005) during follow-up. Conclusions. This study clearly shows that rifaximin plus mesalazine are more effective than rifaximin alone in resolution of symptoms and prevention of recurrence of diverticulitis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Tursi, A., Brandimarte, G., & Daffinà, R. (2002). Long-term treatment with mesalazine and rifaximin versus rifaximin alone for patients with recurrent attacks of acute diverticulitis of colon. Digestive and Liver Disease, 34(7), 510 - 515. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1590-8658(02)80110-4