Magnetic order and confinement improvement in high-current regimes of RFX-mod with MHD feedback control

P. Piovesan, M. Zuin, A. Alfier, D. Bonfiglio, F. Bonomo, A. Canton, S. Cappello, L. Carraro, R. Cavazzana, D.F. Escande, A. Fassina, M. Gobbin, R. Lorenzini, L. Marrelli, P. Martin, E. Martines, R. Pasqualotto, M.E. Puiatti, M. Spolaore, M. ValisaN. Vianello, P. Zanca

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Abstract

The RFX-mod machine (Sonato et al 2003 Fusion Eng. Des. 66 161) recently achieved, for the first time in a reversed-field pinch, high plasma current up to 1.6 MA with good confinement. Magnetic feedback control of magnetohydrodynamic instabilities was essential to reach the goal. As the current is raised, the plasma spontaneously accesses a new helical state, starting from turbulent multi-helical conditions. Together with this raise, the ratio between the dominant and the secondary mode amplitudes increases in a continuous way. This brings a significant improvement in the magnetic field topology, with the formation of helical flux surfaces in the core. As a consequence, strong helical transport barriers with maximum electron temperature around 1 keV develop in this region. The energy confinement time increases by a factor of 4 with respect to the lower-current, multi-helical conditions. The properties of the new helical state scale favourably with the current, thus opening promising perspectives for the higher current experiments planned for the near future. © 2009 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number085036
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Piovesan, P., Zuin, M., Alfier, A., Bonfiglio, D., Bonomo, F., Canton, A., Cappello, S., Carraro, L., Cavazzana, R., Escande, D. F., Fassina, A., Gobbin, M., Lorenzini, R., Marrelli, L., Martin, P., Martines, E., Pasqualotto, R., Puiatti, M. E., Spolaore, M., ... Zanca, P. (2009). Magnetic order and confinement improvement in high-current regimes of RFX-mod with MHD feedback control. Nuclear Fusion, 49(8), -. [085036]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/8/085036