Manufacturing, testing and post-test examination of ITER divertor vertical target W small scale mock-ups

Eliseo Visca, Emanuele Cacciotti, Anton Komarov, Stefano Libera, Nikolay Litunovsky, Alexey Makhankov, Andrea Mancini, Mario Merola, Aldo Pizzuto, Bruno Riccardi, Selanna Roccella

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ENEA is involved in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) R&D activities. During the last years ENEA has set up and widely tested a manufacturing process, named Hot Radial Pressing (HRP), suitable for the construction of high heat flux plasma-facing components, such as the divertor targets. In the frame of the EFDA contract six mock-ups were manufactured by HRP in the ENEA labs using W monoblocks supplied by the Efremov Institute in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation and IG CuCrZr tubes. According to the technical specifications the mock-ups were examined by ultrasonic technique and after their acceptance they were delivered to the Efremov Institute TSEFEY-M e-beam facility for the thermal fatigue testing. The test consisted in 3000 cycles of 15 s heating and 15 s cooling at 10 MW/m2and finally 1000 cycles at 20 MW/m2. After the testing the ultrasonic non-destructive examination was repeated and the results compared with the investigation performed before the testing. A microstructure modification of the W monoblock material due to the overheating of the surfaces and the copper interlayer structure modification were observed in the high heat flux area. The leakage points of the mock-ups that did not conclude the testing were localized in the middle of the monoblock while they were expected between two monoblocks. This paper reports the manufacturing route, the thermal fatigue testing, the pre and post non destructive examination and finally the results of the destructive examination performed on the monoblock small scale mock-ups. © 2011 EURATOM ENEA Association - ENEA Fusion Unit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1591 - 1594
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number9-11
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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