Melting behavior and ionic conductivity in hydrophobic ionic liquids

Miriam Kunze, Maria Montanino, Giovanni B. Appetecchi, Sangsik Jeong, Monika Schönhoff, Martin Winter, Stefano Passerini

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Four room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) based on the N-butyl-N-methyl pyrrolidinium (Pyr14+) and N-methyl-N-propyl pyrrolidinium cations (Pyr13+) and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI-) and bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide (FSI-) anions were intensively investigated during their melting. The diffusion coefficients of 1H and 19F were determined using pulsed field gradient (PFG) NMR to study the dynamics of the cations, anions, and ion pairs. The AC conductivities were measured to detect only the motion of the charged particles. The melting points of these ionic liquids were measured by DSC and verified by the temperature-dependent full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of the 1H and 19F NMR peaks. The diffusion and conductivity data at low temperatures gave information about the dynamics at the melting point and allowed specifying the way of melting. In addition, the diffusion coefficients of 1H (DH) and 19F (DF) and conductivity were correlated using the Nernst-Einstein equation with respect to the existence of ion pairs. Our results show that in dependence on the cation different melting behaviors were identified. In the Pyr14based ILs, ion pairs exist, which collapse above the melting point of the sample. This is in contrast to the Pyr 13-based ILs where the present ion pairs in the crystal dissociate during the melting. Furthermore, the anions do not influence the melting behavior of the investigated Pyr14 systems but affect the Pyr 13 ILs. This becomes apparent in species with a higher mobility during the breakup of the crystalline IL. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1776 - 1782
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Kunze, M., Montanino, M., Appetecchi, G. B., Jeong, S., Schönhoff, M., Winter, M., & Passerini, S. (2010). Melting behavior and ionic conductivity in hydrophobic ionic liquids. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 114(4), 1776 - 1782.