Compacted mixtures based on ball-milled magnesium hydride (MgH2) have gained significant research interest as suitable materials for hydrogen storage tanks. The issue related to their stability during practical service conditions is one of paramount relevance. In this work, we investigate the microstructure and morphology of pellets obtained by the compaction of ball-milled MgH2/Nb2O5powders mixed with expanded natural graphite. The pellets are subjected to repeated hydrogen sorption cycles to measure hydrogen storage properties and its stability with cycling. Moreover, the effect of air-exposure on the hydrogen sorption behavior is studied. Electron microscopy observations of as-prepared and cycled pellets point to a dramatic modification of the material's microstructure upon repeated hydrogen cycling. In particular, the appearance of MgH2particles depleted of the Nb2O5catalyst and the formation of hollow MgO shells are highlighted. These findings are discussed by a simple model which takes into account the basic mechanisms intervening during the metal-hydride transformation in the pellet. © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology