Millstones as indicators of relative sea-level changes in northern Sicily and southern Calabria coastlines, Italy

G. Scicchitano, V. Lo Presti, C.R. Spampinato, M. Gasparo Morticelli, F. Antonioli, R. Auriemma, L. Ferranti, C. Monaco

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Abstract

New data are presented for late Holocene relative sea-level changes in two coastal sites of Sicily and Calabria, southern Italy. Reconstructions are based on precise measurements of submerged archaeological remains that are valuable indicators of past sea-level position. The archaeological remains are millstone quarries carved on sandstone coastal rocks and nowadays partially submerged which, to the authors' knowledge, are used for the first time as sea-level markers. Millstones of similar typology are located on the coast of Capo d'Orlando (northern Sicily) and Capo dell'Armi (southern Calabria). When the archeologically-based sea-level position is compared with the shoreline elevation provided by geological markers (Holocene beachrock, Late Pleistocene marine terraces), a refined understanding of relative sea-level changes and rates of vertical tectonic movements for these coastline locations is gained. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92 - 104
Number of pages13
JournalQuaternary International
Volume232
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Scicchitano, G., Lo Presti, V., Spampinato, C. R., Gasparo Morticelli, M., Antonioli, F., Auriemma, R., ... Monaco, C. (2011). Millstones as indicators of relative sea-level changes in northern Sicily and southern Calabria coastlines, Italy. Quaternary International, 232(1-2), 92 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2010.08.019