Experimental observations show that the βNthreshold for (2,1) NTM excitation is increased by flow shear, but the physical explanation for this trend is still unclear. In this work, we investigate this issue by performing numerical experiments addressing the dependence of the critical island width on toroidal plasma rotation with the full MHD toroidal code XTOR (Lütjens and Luciani 2010 J. Comput. Phys. 229 8130-43), on the basis of a typical JET advanced toKoćamaK. C.se. We find that for situations where the Lundquist number is increased towards the experimental value, the (2,1) NTM is weakly destabilized by flow shear at low magnetic Prandtl number Prm, while the threshold remains nearly insensitive to the flow at high Prm. This weak effect of rotation shear also holds close to the linear regime, where an equivalent of the Δ′ concept adapted to nonlinear simulations does not indicate any significant variation with flow shear. The experimental trend is therefore not recovered, and possible explanations for this disagreement are discussed. A simple model of anisotropic viscous tensor shows that the high toroidal viscosity does not influence the value of the threshold, but comparison with experimental measurements suggests that the effective Prm seen by the mode is, however, larger than its small collisional value. Finally, the scaling of dimensionless parameters to ITER range is discussed. © 2011 IAEA, Vienna.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics
Maget, P., Lütjens, H., Brix, M., Buratti, P., Buttery, R. J., Coelho, R., ... Meshcheriakov, D. (2011). Modelling of (2,1) NTM dynamics with flow in JET advanced scenarios. Nuclear Fusion, 51(8), -. . https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/51/8/083046