Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFCs) are high-temperature fuel cells that stand at the end of more than 35 years of intensive development and are finding increased application in the field of high-efficiency, clean energy supply. Thanks to their operating principle, they can provide heat and power at overall efficiencies of 90%, and they could also be used in the incumbent large-scale application of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS). Despite continuous improvements in the technology, some crucial issues still call for focused research and development before the MCFC achieves full operational reliability, especially in conversion of waste-derived fuels. In addition, to gain experience and steepen the learning curve leading to market maturity, cost reduction of components and manufacturing processes are a priority. © Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law