Molybdenum disilicide-silicon nitride bushing nozzles tailor-made for basalt fibers production

Flavio Caretto, Anna Maria Laera, Felice Di Nuzzo, Rossella Iovino, Francesca Di Benedetto, Emanuela Pesce, Marilena Re, Massimo Schwarz, Leander Tapfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A carefully comparative study of several ceramics compounds allowed the identification of MoSi2blended with Si3N4as a suitable material for the realization of bushing nozzles, specifically designed for basalt fibers production. Degradation static tests were developed and performed to demonstrate the high resistance to oxidation at operating temperature of MoSi2-Si3N4composites with respect to alumina, zirconia stabilized with magnesia or yttria, pure MoSi2, pure Si3N4, and MoSi2englobing SiC. Moreover, the MoSi2-Si3N4composites resulted resistant to corrosion and chemical inert with respect to oxidizing components present in basalt melts. Bushings in MoSi2-Si3N4were obtained by using hot isostatic pressing and were processed through mechanical drilling. The basalt fibers produced with the MoSi2-Si3N4bushing showed a constant diameter and a regular surface morphology. The bushing was recovered intact without defects or fractures demonstrating the efficiency of the selected material. Replacing platinum-rhodium bushings with ceramic ones could greatly reduce costs of basaltic fibers production and could encourage the use of these eco-friendly, natural fibers as reinforcement in lightweight polymer composites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11844 - 11850
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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