Molybdenum transport in high density FTU plasmas with strong radio frequency electron heating

M. Leigheb, M. Romanelli, L. Gabellieri, L. Carraro, M. Mattioli, C. Mazzotta, M.E. Puiatti, L. Lauro-Taroni, M. Marinucci, S. Nowak, L. Panaccione, V. Pericoli, P. Smeulders, O. Tudisco, C. Sozzi, M. Valisa

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Abstract

Effects of radio frequency heating on particle confinement have been observed in various tokamaks, where it was found that impurities can be effectively pumped out of the plasma core when sufficient central ion cyclotron (ICH) and/or electron cyclotron heating (ECH) power is applied. It has been proposed that radio frequency heating prevents impurity accumulation by modifying the gradients of temperature and current and hence the turbulence regime responsible for particle anomalous flow. In this paper we present a study of the behavior of molybdenum injected in full lower-hybrid current drive plasmas in the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade with strong ECH. Three similar discharges with increasing level of ECH power are discussed in terms of plasma and power deposition profiles. Strong accumulation of the impurity is observed during off axis heating, while for central ECH deposition the concentration of molybdenum in the core of the discharges decreases at the highest level of ECH power (PECH = 1.2 MW). Microturbulence stability analysis has been carried out for the three plasmas and the relative importance of the off diagonal terms in the transport matrix for the pinch velocity of molybdenum has been studied with reference to FTU results on electron transport and in the framework of recent theoretical results. © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1897 - 1912
Number of pages16
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume49
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Leigheb, M., Romanelli, M., Gabellieri, L., Carraro, L., Mattioli, M., Mazzotta, C., Puiatti, M. E., Lauro-Taroni, L., Marinucci, M., Nowak, S., Panaccione, L., Pericoli, V., Smeulders, P., Tudisco, O., Sozzi, C., & Valisa, M. (2007). Molybdenum transport in high density FTU plasmas with strong radio frequency electron heating. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(11), 1897 - 1912. https://doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/49/11/010