Momentum transport studies from multi-machine comparisons

M. Yoshida, S. Kaye, J. Rice, W. Solomon, T. Tala, R.E. Bell, K.H. Burrell, J. Ferreira, Y. Kamada, D. McDonald, P. Mantica, Y. Podpaly, M.L. Reinke, Y. Sakamoto, A. Salmi

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A database of toroidal momentum transport on five tokamaks, Alcator C-Mod, DIII-D, JET, NSTX and JT-60U, has been constructed under a wide range of conditions in order to understand the characteristics of toroidal momentum transport coefficients, namely the toroidal momentum diffusivity and the pinch velocity (Vpinch). Through an inter-machine comparison, the similarities and differences in the properties and V pinch among the machines have been clarified. Parametric dependences of these momentum transport coefficients have been investigated over a wide range of plasma parameters taking advantage of the different operation regimes in machines. The approach offers insights into the parametric dependences as follows. The toroidal momentum diffusivity (χ) generally increases with increasing heat diffusivity (χi). The correlation is observed over a wide range of χ, covering roughly two orders of magnitude, and within each of the machines over the whole radius. Through the inter-machine comparison, it is found that χ becomes larger in the outer region of the plasma. Also observed is a general trend for Vpinch in tokamaks; the inward pinch velocity (-Vpinch) increases with increasing χ. The results that are commonly observed in machines will support a toroidal rotation prediction in future devices. On the other hand, differences among machines have been observed. The toroidal momentum diffusivity, χ, is larger than or equal to χi in JET and JT-60U; on the other hand, χ is smaller than or equal to χi in NSTX, DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod. In DIII-D, the ratio -RVpinch/χ at r/a = 0.5-0.6 is about 2, which is small compared with that in other tokamaks (-RVpinch/χ ≈ 5). Based on these different observations, parametric dependences of χ/χi, RVpinch/χ and χ have been investigated in H-mode plasmas. Across the dataset from all machines, the ratio χ/χi tends to be larger in low at fixed Te/Ti and . An increase in χ is observed with decreasing ne and/or increasing Te. The pinch number (-RVpinch/χ) is observed to increase with increasing at both q95 = 5.5-7.2 and q95 = 3.7-4.5. Here , , Te, Ti, and q5 are, respectively, the normalized effective electron collision frequency, the normalized ion poloidal Larmor radius, the electron and ion temperatures, the inverse ratio of density scale length, , to the major radius, R, and the safety factor at the 95% flux surface. © 2012 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123005
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Yoshida, M., Kaye, S., Rice, J., Solomon, W., Tala, T., Bell, R. E., ... Salmi, A. (2012). Momentum transport studies from multi-machine comparisons. Nuclear Fusion, 52(12), -. [123005].