Monitoring, geomorphological evolution and slope stability of Inca citadel of Machu Picchu: Results from Italian INTERFRASI project

P. Canuti, Claudio Margottini, N. Casagli, G. Delmonaco, L. Falconi, R. Fanti, A. Ferretti, G. Lollino, C. Puglisi, D. Spizzichino, D. Tarchi

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Geology of Machu Picchu area is characterised by granitoid bodies that had been emplaced in the axial zones of the main rift system. Deformation of the granite, caused by cooling and tectonic phases, originated 4 main joint sets, regularly spaced (few decimetres to metres). Several slope instability phenomena have been identified and classified according to mechanism, material involved and state of activity. They are mainly related to rock falls, debris flows, rock slides and debris slides. Origin of phenomena is kinematically controlled by the structural setting and relationship with slope face (rock falls, rock slide and debris slides); the accumulated materials is the source for debris flow. Geomorphological evidences of deeper deformations are currently under investigation. A low environmental impact monitoring system has been established on the area having the purpose to minimize equipments usage and, in the mean time, to collect reilable data on surface deformations. The monitoring network comprise a GPS, multitemporal laser scanner survey, Ground based Radar interferometry (GB-SAR) and Satellite Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The preliminary results are partially confirming the field evidences of slope deformation but, in the mean time, they require a longer period of observations since the sliding processes are relatively slow. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 1st World Landslide Forum - , Japan
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

Conference

Conference2008 1st World Landslide Forum
CountryJapan
Period1/1/09 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Canuti, P., Margottini, C., Casagli, N., Delmonaco, G., Falconi, L., Fanti, R., ... Tarchi, D. (2009). Monitoring, geomorphological evolution and slope stability of Inca citadel of Machu Picchu: Results from Italian INTERFRASI project. Paper presented at 2008 1st World Landslide Forum, Japan.