Monte carlo techniques to analyse the electrical mismatch losses in large-scale photovoltaic generators

F. Iannone, G. Noviello, A. Sarno

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35 Citations (Scopus)


In large-scale photovoltaic generators, the arrangement of modules with different electrical characteristics could involve a considerable mismatch between the single components resulting in a power loss. This means the actual power is less than the sum of the maximum output powers of the individual PV modules, operating at same irradiance-temperature conditions. To reduce the mismatch losses and to calculate it under operating conditions, a statistical approach based on Monte Carlo simulation techniques has been developed and validated. The simulation model shows that it is possible to meet the required mismatch level, with a random arrangement, starting from a modules population characterized in terms of short circuit current, I(sc) and open circuit voltage V(oc), by a probability density function with a imposed variance. The method has been successfully applied for a 100 kWp standard unit photovoltaic generator, the computational results have shown good agreement with the experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85 - 92
Number of pages8
JournalSolar Energy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1998


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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