Morphology and electrochemical properties of Pd-based catalysts deposited by different thin-film techniques

F. Sarto, E. Castagna, M. De Francesco, T.M. Dikonimos, L. Giorgi, S. Lecci, M. Sansovini, V. Violante

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Pd/C-based electrodes for fuel cells applications were prepared by galvanostatic electrodeposition and DC sputtering of palladium on gas diffusion layers. Different sets of samples were realized by varying the Pd load, for each technique. The surface morphology of the deposits was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry in acidic solution was applied to study the catalytic behavior of the freshly deposited samples and to follow their evolution with increasing cycle numbers. The results showed that, depending on the sputtering or electrochemical technique and metal load, samples grew with different morphologies and showed different electrochemical behaviors, with electroactive surface values ranging between a few tens to some hundreds m2/g. Sputtered films were characterized by a microstructure made of sub-micrometric cauliflower-shaped clusters and showed the highest electroactive surface values after prolonged voltammetric scanning. Pd hydride formation with both α and β phases and high hydrogen absorption capability were observed in some of the electrodeposited samples, in association to flower-like micrometric-size clustered structure and hydrogen codeposition during the electrochemical growth process. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14701 - 14711
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Sarto, F., Castagna, E., De Francesco, M., Dikonimos, T. M., Giorgi, L., Lecci, S., ... Violante, V. (2014). Morphology and electrochemical properties of Pd-based catalysts deposited by different thin-film techniques. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(27), 14701 - 14711.