Multi-machine studies of the role of turbulence and electric fields in the establishment of improved confinement in tokamak plasmas

G. Van Oost, V.V. Bulanin, A.J.H. Donné, E.Z. Gusakov, A. Kraemer-Flecken, L.I. Krupnik, A. Melnikov, S. Nanobashvili, P. Peleman, K.A. Razumova, J. Stöckel, V. Vershkov, J. Adamek, A.B. Altukov, V.F. Andreev, L.G. Askinazi, I.S. Bondarenko, J. Brotankova, A.Yu. Dnestrovskij, I. DuranL.G. Eliseev, L.A. Esipov, S.A. Grashin, A.D. Gurchenko, G.M.D. Hogeweij, M. Hron, C. Ionita, S. Jachmich, S.M. Khrebtov, D.V. Kouprienko, S.E. Lysenko, E. Martines, S.V. Perfilov, A.V. Petrov, A.Yu. Popov, D. Reiser, R. Schrittwieser, S. Soldatov, M. Spolaore, A.Yu. Stepanov, G. Telesca, A.O. Urazbaev, G. Verdoolaege, F. Zacek, O. Zimmermann

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Abstract

An extensive (INTAS) research programme started in 2002 to investigate the correlations between, on the one hand, the occurrence of transport barriers and improved confinement in the medium-size tokamaks TEXTOR and T-10 and on the smaller tokamaks FT-2, TUMAN-3M and CASTOR, and on the other hand, electric fields, modified magnetic shear and electrostatic and magnetic turbulence using advanced diagnostics with high spatial and temporal resolution, and various active means to externally control plasma transport. It also requires one to characterize fluctuations of various important plasma parameters inside and outside transport barriers (TBs) and pedestal regions with high spatial and temporal resolution using advanced diagnostics, and to elucidate the role of turbulence driving and damping mechanisms, including the role of the plasma edge properties. Furthermore, one needs to determine the cross-field transport from the measurements and compare this with available theoretical models. This has been done in a strongly coordinated way, exploiting the complementarity of TEXTOR and T-10 and the backup potential of the three other tokamaks, which together have all the relevant experimental tools and theoretical expertise. Physical mechanisms of several TBs have been studied: electron internal transport barriers in T-10 and TEXTOR, ergodization-induced TB in TEXTOR, TB in ohmic discharges in TUMAN-3M, periodic bias-induced TBs in CASTOR. Geodesic acoustic modes (GAM) have been investigated in T-10, TEXTOR and TUMAN-3M. Core turbulence has been characterized in T-10, and small-scale turbulence has been revealed in FT-2. © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberS03
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume49
Issue number5 A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Van Oost, G., Bulanin, V. V., Donné, A. J. H., Gusakov, E. Z., Kraemer-Flecken, A., Krupnik, L. I., ... Zimmermann, O. (2007). Multi-machine studies of the role of turbulence and electric fields in the establishment of improved confinement in tokamak plasmas. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(5 A), -. [S03]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/49/5A/S03