Nd:YAG laser welding of fine sheet metal butt joints in AZ31 magnesium alloy

M. Brandizzi, S. Renna, A. Satriano, D. Sorgente, L. Tricarico

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Magnesium alloys have been used increasingly in various areas of industry, such as the automotive sector, electronic components. A reliable method for joining components produced with these materials will definitely allow for a wider use of these alloys. In this article, the laser welding process with an Nd:YAG laser using a maximum power of 2 kW was studied and reported. The effect of welding parameters, such as laser and welding, was analysed. Metal sheets of 1 mm thickness in AZ31B magnesium alloy were butt-welded with helium and argon as shielding gas in the absence of filler material. The mechanical characteristics were measured during tensile tests, using digital image correlation (DIC) as a deformation measurement technique. After a preliminary experimental plan aimed at exploring the range of process parameters, the welding process was optimized using an approach based on the design of experiments (DoE). Consecutive experimental plans led to optimized butt joints, which, following a tensile test, showed a sound weld bead with fracturing in the base material. Local strain analysis by DIC highlighted different tensile behaviours, in terms of deformation of the weld bead, in the optimized butt joints with respect to those that were not optimized. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784 - 792
Number of pages9
JournalWelding International
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Brandizzi, M., Renna, S., Satriano, A., Sorgente, D., & Tricarico, L. (2014). Nd:YAG laser welding of fine sheet metal butt joints in AZ31 magnesium alloy. Welding International, 28(10), 784 - 792. https://doi.org/10.1080/09507116.2012.753266