The experimental validation of the available codes and nuclear data to calculate correctly the effects of streaming paths in the shield of a fusion reactor was provided by a streaming experiment carried out at the 14 MeV Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG). The experiment consisted in the irradiation of a mock-up of the shielding blanket (stainless steel and water equivalent material, 1 m thick) and of the toroidal field coil. A void channel with high aspect ratio and a cavity at the end of the channel were realized in the bulk shield. Some nuclear quantities were measured in the cavity at the end of the channel and behind it up to the simulated superconducting magnet. The neutron flux was measured using the activation foil technique while the nuclear heating was measured using thermoluminescent detectors. The experimental data were compared with the results of calculations performed by the Monte Carlo code MCNP-4B, using the Fusion Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (FENDL, version 1.0, 2.0) and the European Fusion File (EFF, versions 3.0, 3.1). The comparison shows that all the used libraries reproduce the neutron flux generally within ±20% total uncertainty both in the void penetration and in the bulk shield behind it. The trend to underestimate the high energy flux (E>8 MeV) with increasing penetration depth is found again as in previous bulk shield experiment, showing that the relevant transport cross sections at around 14 MeV need further investigation. The comparison between experimental and calculated nuclear heating shows an agreement within ±30% for all tested nuclear data libraries and in all experimental positions. The comparison with the case of bulk shield without penetration is also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering
Angelone, M., Batistoni, P., Petrizzi, L., & Pillon, M. (2000). Neutron streaming experiment at FNG: Results and analysis. Fusion Engineering and Design, 51-52, 653 - 661. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(00)00205-2