Neutronic performance issues of the breeding blanket options for the European DEMO fusion power plant

U. Fischer, C. Bachmann, J.-C. Jaboulay, F. Moro, I. Palermo, P. Pereslavtsev, R. Villari

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Abstract

This paper presents nuclear performance issues of the HCPB, HCLL, DCLL and WCLL breeder blankets, which are under development within the PPPT (Power Plant Physics and Technology) programme of EUROfusion, with the objective to assess the potential and suitability of the blankets for the application to DEMO. The assessment is based on the initial design versions of the blankets developed in 2014. The Tritium breeding potential is considered sufficient for all breeder blankets although the initial design versions of the HCPB, HCLL and DCLL blankets were shown to require further design improvements. Suitable measures have been proposed and proven to be sufficient to achieve the required Tritium Breeding Ratio (TBR) ≥ 1.10. The shielding performance was shown to be sufficient to protect the super-conducting toroidal field coil provided that efficient shielding material mixtures including WC or borated water are utilized. The WCLL blanket does not require the use of such shielding materials due to a very compact blanket support structure/manifold configuration which yet requires design verification. The vacuum vessel can be safely operated over the full anticipated DEMO lifetime of 6 full power years for all blanket concepts considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1458 - 1463
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume109-111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Fischer, U., Bachmann, C., Jaboulay, J-C., Moro, F., Palermo, I., Pereslavtsev, P., & Villari, R. (2016). Neutronic performance issues of the breeding blanket options for the European DEMO fusion power plant. Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111, 1458 - 1463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2015.11.051