Neutronics experiment on a mock-up of the ITER shielding blanket at the Frascati Neutron Generator

P. Batistoni, M. Angelone, U. Fischer, H. Freiesleben, W. Hansen, M. Pillon, L. Petrizzi, D. Richter, K. Seidel, S. Unholzer

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Abstract

An integral bulk shield experiment has been performed at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) with the main objective to validate the ITER shielding system. To this end, a suitable mock-up of the ITER inboard shielding system including first wall, shielding blanket, vacuum vessel and toroidal field coil, had been assembled at ENEA Frascati. Neutron and γ-ray spectra as well as various nuclear responses were measured inside this mock-up when irradiated by 14-MeV neutrons. Measured and calculated data were compared to validate transport codes and nuclear data used in the design of the ITER system. In particular, the measured neutron and γ-spectra, reaction rates and the nuclear heating were compared with the same quantities calculated with the MCNP Monte Carlo code using the Fusion Evaluated Nuclear Data Library (FENDL)-1.0 and the European Fusion File (EFF)-3.0 neutron cross section data. The neutron-induced activation measured in stainless steel was compared with calculations performed with the FISPACT code and using the most recent activation cross section data file FENDL/A-2.0. The paper includes a comparison of calculated over measured quantities (C/E) and a discussion of their relevance to the ITER nuclear design. It is found that, generally, the measured nuclear quantities are predicted by FENDL-1.0 and EFF-3.0 calculations within an uncertainty margin of about ± 15% in the shielding blanket and vacuum vessel, and ± 30% up to the region of the toroidal field coil. © 1999 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25 - 60
Number of pages36
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Batistoni, P., Angelone, M., Fischer, U., Freiesleben, H., Hansen, W., Pillon, M., ... Unholzer, S. (1999). Neutronics experiment on a mock-up of the ITER shielding blanket at the Frascati Neutron Generator. Fusion Engineering and Design, 47(1), 25 - 60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(99)00074-5