New information processing methods for control on JET

A. Murari, J. Vega, D. Mazon, G.A. Rattá, J. Svensson, G. Vagliasindi, J. Blum, C. Boulbe, B. Faugeras

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Abstract

Magnetic confinement fusion devices are very integrated systems, difficult to access for measurement, and therefore they pose particular challenges to identification and to the prediction of undesired events. With regard to system identification, Bayesian statistics is a very promising methodology, which provides for the first time a sound way to include physical information about the diagnostics in the evaluation of the error bars. In a prototypical application, a Bayesian statistical approach determines the magnetic topology without any assumption on the equilibrium and provides clear confidence intervals on all the derived quantities. This technique, which complements another more traditional approach based on the Grad-Shafranov equation, can be implemented to provide results about every few milliseconds and therefore it can be envisaged to exploit for feedback purposes. Some phenomena in the evolution of Tokamak plasmas, like disruptions, are too dangerous and prohibitively difficult to control. For these cases avoidance is the best alternative and therefore specific classifiers have been trained and optimized to predict the occurrence of disruptions. The success rates of these predictors, mainly based on Support Vector Machines, are very often of the order or higher than 90%. The generalisation capability of the method has been confirmed by applying the same predictor to new campaigns without retraining. The success rate remains very high (above 80%) even 12 campaigns after the last one used for training. © 2010 EURATOM. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428 - 432
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume85
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Murari, A., Vega, J., Mazon, D., Rattá, G. A., Svensson, J., Vagliasindi, G., ... Faugeras, B. (2010). New information processing methods for control on JET. Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(3-4), 428 - 432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2010.04.071