Numerical modeling of 3D halo current path in ITER structures

Paolo Bettini, Nicolò Marconato, Maurizio Furno Palumbo, Simone Peruzzo, Ruben Specogna, Raffaele Albanese, Guglielmo Rubinacci, Salvatore Ventre, Fabio Villone

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Disruptions represent one of the main concerns for Tokamak operation, especially in view of fusion reactors, or experimental test reactors, due to the electro-mechanical loads induced by halo and eddy currents. The development of a predictive tool which allows to estimate the magnitude and spatial distribution of the halo current forces is of paramount importance in order to ensure robust vessel and in-vessel component design. With this aim, two numerical codes (CARIDDI, CAFE) have been developed, which allow to calculate the halo current path (resistive distribution) in the passive structures surrounding the plasma. The former is based on an integral formulation for the eddy currents problem particularized to the static case; the latter implements a pair of 3D FEM complementary formulations for the solution of the steady-state current conduction problem. A simplified plasma model is adopted to provide the inputs (halo current injected into the first wall). Two representative test cases (ITER symmetric and asymmetric VDEs) have been selected to cross check the results of the proposed approaches. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529 - 532
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number6-8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Bettini, P., Marconato, N., Furno Palumbo, M., Peruzzo, S., Specogna, R., Albanese, R., ... Villone, F. (2013). Numerical modeling of 3D halo current path in ITER structures. Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), 529 - 532.