On the study of catalytic membrane reactor for water detritiation: Membrane characterization

Jérémy Mascarade, Karine Liger, Michèle Troulay, Xavier Joulia, Xuan-Mi Meyer, Christophe Perrais, Silvano Tosti

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tritium waste recycling is a real economic and ecological issue. Generally under the non-valuable Q2O form (Q = H, D or T), waste can be converted into fuel Q2 for a fusion machine (e.g. JET, ITER) by isotope exchange reaction Q2O + H2 = H2O + Q2. Such a reaction is carried out over Ni-based catalyst bed packed in a thin wall hydrogen permselective membrane tube. This catalytic membrane reactor can achieve higher conversion ratios than conventional fixed bed reactors by selective removal of reaction product Q2 by the membrane according to Le Chatelier's Law. This paper presents some preliminary permeation tests performed on a catalytic membrane reactor. Permeabilities of pure hydrogen and deuterium as well as those of binary mixtures of hydrogen, deuterium and nitrogen have been estimated by measuring permeation fluxes at temperatures ranging from 573 to 673 K, and pressure differences up to 1.5 bar. Pure component global fluxes were linked to permeation coefficient by means of Sieverts' law. The thin membrane (150 μm), made of Pd-Ag alloy (23 wt.% Ag), showed good permeability and infinite selectivity toward protium and deuterium. Lower permeability values were obtained with mixtures containing non permeable gases highlighting the existence of gas phase resistance. The sensitivity of this concentration polarization phenomenon to the composition and the flow rate of the inlet was evaluated and fitted by a two-dimensional model. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844 - 848
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume88
Issue number6-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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