Optimized biosensors based on purified enzymes and engineered yeasts: Detection of inhibitors of cholinesterases on grapes

A. Boni, C. Cremisini, E. Magarò, M. Tosi, W. Vastarella, R. Pilloton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Purified acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) from electric eel or engineered yeasts (Kluyveromyces lactis) expressing cholinesterase activity from rat, were immobilised on a nylon membrane for the measurement of residual cholinesterase activity after inhibition by the organophosphorous insecticide Paraoxon (diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate). Measurement was separately operated after the incubation (inhibition) step. The measurement of the residual enzyme activity was therefore performed in a standardised solution with a choline electrochemical biosensor, without any interference, avoiding the use of protecting selective membranes. Both commercial amperometric sensor and screen-printed electrodes, produced and optimized in the laboratory, were used. The time consuming incubation step was simultaneously performed on several samples, thus lowering the analysis time per sample. Good limit of detection (LOD) (0.1 μg/L) and reproducibility were obtained for the analysis of paraoxon. A simple procedure for the detection of cholinesterase inhibitors on grapes was then developed. The procedure itself could be further extended to several fruits and vegetables, giving a simple but effective tool to verify the absence of residues of anticholinesterasic insecticides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1683 - 1699
Number of pages17
JournalAnalytical Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Electrochemistry

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