Optimized in-situ window cleaning system by laser blow-off through optical fiber

A. Alfier, R. Pasqualotto, L. Giudicotti, V. Cervaro, L. Franchin

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Abstract

An optimized in-situ window cleaning system by laser blow-off through optical fiber has been developed on the basis of a feasibility study previously presented. The beam generated from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (up to 330mJ output energy, pulse duration 5ns FWHM with 10Hz repetition rate) is launched into a high damage threshold optical fiber (=1mm) through an f=80mm lens kept in a sealed box at 1mbar pressure. The fiber output is focused on the coated surface of a vacuum window previously exposed to the plasma of the RFX-mod experiment. We investigate the energy density threshold necessary to ablate the impurity deposition substrate: above threshold a single laser pulse recovers ∼95% of the window transmission before its exposure to the plasma, while below it the efficiency of the cleaning process is too poor. The system so conceived can clean completely the largest window on RFX-mod (104mm2surface) in about 20minutes. We also present first results obtained firing the laser directly on a bundle of small core diameter fibers, showing performance similar to those attainable with commercial products. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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