Passive protections against breakdowns between accelerating grids in SPIDER experiment

Alberto Pesce, Antonio De Lorenzi, Marco Boldrin

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the SPIDER experiment a ITER-like full size plasma source will be realized with the target to extract a D beam of 70 A and then to accelerate it to 100 keV energy. The reduction of the effects due to the frequent breakdowns between the accelerating grids is needed, because of grids damage due to energy deposition by arcing and strong electromagnetic noise (EMI) emission. The solution proposed is a comprehensive design of the circuit. Two passive components are installed: a Damping Resistor and an Output Filter in series to the Power Supplies. Then a doubled screened structure will be adopted for the 30 m long - 100 kV Transmission Line TL, which connects the Ion Source and Acceleration Power Supplies to their loads: the Inner Screen will be connected to the reference ground (the vessel) by a resistive link, the Outer Screen acting as a low-impedance ground. Finally, a Distributed Core Snubber DCS (magnetic snubber) will be installed onto the TL, aimed to increase the damping of the oscillations due to the stray inductances and capacitances. The DCS is composed of 10 magnetic alloy cores and is equipped by a biasing circuit to enhance the flux swing in unsaturated condition during the breakdown. A detailed model of the circuit is developed to evaluate the passive components parameters for protection against breakdown, in which all the magnetic and capacitive couplings between components are modeled as well as the magnetic core snubber saturation. © 2011 EURATOM. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847 - 850
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume86
Issue number6-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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