Passivity and passivity breakdown on a β-FeAl intermetallic compound in sulphate and chloride containing solutions

N. De Cristofaro, S. Frangini, A. Mignone

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The passivity and passivity breakdown of a β-FeAl-based iron aluminide containing 24 wt% Al has been studied in borate buffer solution (pH 8.4) containing sulphates, chlorides and mixtures of both using potentiodynamic techniques complemented with SEM analysis. The voltammetric response in the borate solution shows the peak characteristic of iron oxidation/reduction processes. Sulphate addition to the buffer solution modifies the voltammetric profile and makes the passive film more stable. It is suggested that a mixed iron (II)-(III) oxide film is responsible for passivation of FeAl aluminide in sulphate-borate solution in contrast to a rich iron (III) oxide film forming in absence of sulphate. The addition of aluminium to iron enables the formation of a passivating layer. While iron suffers from pitting, there was no sign of pitting on the aluminide in these conditions. The addition of NaCl to the borate solution at concentrations higher than 6 × 10-4M produces nucleation of pits on FeAl aluminide. The pitting corrosion potential increases linearly with log CCl-with a slope of 0.40 V/decade. The pitting potentials are shifted in a noble direction with the addition of 0.5 M Na2SO4, indicating that the latter behaves as pitting inhibitor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307 - 315
Number of pages9
JournalCorrosion Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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