Pedestal and ELM response to impurity seeding in JET advanced scenario plasmas

M.N.A. Beurskens, G. Arnoux, A.S. Brezinsek, C.D. Challis, P.C. De Vries, C. Giroud, A. Huber, S. Jachmich, K. McCormick, R.A. Pitts, F.G. Rimini, A. Alfier, E. De La Luna, W. Fundamenski, S. Gerasimov, E. Giovannozzi, E. Joffrin, M. Kempenaars, X. Litaudon, T. LoarerP. Lomas, J. Mailloux, R. Pasqualotto, V. Pericoli-Ridolfini, R. Pugno, E. Rachlew, S. Saarelma, E. Solano, M. Walsh, L. Zabeo, K.-D. Zastrow

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Abstract

Advanced scenario plasmas must often be run at low densities and high power, leading to hot edge temperatures and consequent power handling issues at plasma-surface interaction zones. Experiments at JET are addressing this issue by exploring the use of extrinsic impurity seeding and D2puffing to reduce heat fluxes. The experiments presented in this paper continue the line of advanced tokamak (AT) scenario studies at high triangularity in JET by concentrating on the characterization of the edge pedestal and the ELM behaviour with deuterium and/or light impurity fuelling (neon, nitrogen). Both injection of extrinsic impurities and D2puffing are shown to have a significant impact on the edge pedestal in typical JET AT conditions. The ELM energy loss, ΔWELM/Wdia, can be reduced to below 3% and the maximum ELM penetration depth can be limited to r/a > 0.7, thus enhancing the possibility for sustainable internal transport barriers at large plasma radius. These conditions can be achieved in two separate domains, either at a radiated power fraction (Frad) of 30% or at a fraction of >50%. At the lower Fradthe ELMs are type I and a high pedestal pressure is maintained, but the occasional large ELM may still occur. At Frad> 50% the pedestal pressure is degraded by 30-50%, but the ELMs are degraded to type III. The intermediate regime at Frad∼ 40% is unattractive for ITB scenarios because large type I ELMs occur intermittently during the predominantly type III ELM phases (compound type I/III). Frad= 30% can be obtained with D2fuelling alone, whereas neon or nitrogen seeding is needed to achieve Frad> 50%. Only a limited number of tests have been carried out with nitrogen seeding, with the preliminary conclusion that the plasma edge behaviour is similar to that with neon seeding once the radiated fraction is matched. © 2008 IAEA.
Original languageEnglish
Article number095004
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Beurskens, M. N. A., Arnoux, G., Brezinsek, A. S., Challis, C. D., De Vries, P. C., Giroud, C., Huber, A., Jachmich, S., McCormick, K., Pitts, R. A., Rimini, F. G., Alfier, A., De La Luna, E., Fundamenski, W., Gerasimov, S., Giovannozzi, E., Joffrin, E., Kempenaars, M., Litaudon, X., ... Zastrow, K-D. (2008). Pedestal and ELM response to impurity seeding in JET advanced scenario plasmas. Nuclear Fusion, 48(9), -. [095004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/48/9/095004