Pellet injection and high density ITB formation in JET advanced tokamak plasmas

D. Frigione, L. Garzotti, C.D. Challis, M. De Baar, P. De Vries, M. Brix, X. Garbet, N. Hawkes, A. Thyagaraja, L. Zabeo

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High density internal transport barriers with peaked density profiles have been produced at JET by optimizing the pellet fuelling, heating power, current drive and plasma start-up. The scenario was developed with moderate momentum input and comparable ion and electron temperatures. Both features aim at matching the conditions envisaged for a burning plasma regime. Current and density profiles, which both appear to influence transport barrier formation, were independently controlled. The optimization recipe included early lower hybrid current drive followed by an Ohmic or neutral beam heated pellet fuelling gap. The internal transport barrier was then formed at the start of a high power additionally heated phase. Typical plasmas were at a toroidal field of 3 T and plasma current of 2 MA, corresponding to a peripheral safety factor q 95 ≈ 5. Particle and energy transport were analysed by a 1.5 dimensional code including a pellet ablation module and a criterion for the barrier formation. Results of turbulence simulations with global electrostatic and electromagnetic fluid codes and a description of the observed magnetohydrodynamic instabilities are also reported. © 2007 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number002
Pages (from-to)74 - 84
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Frigione, D., Garzotti, L., Challis, C. D., De Baar, M., De Vries, P., Brix, M., ... Zabeo, L. (2007). Pellet injection and high density ITB formation in JET advanced tokamak plasmas. Nuclear Fusion, 47(2), 74 - 84. [002].