Phthalate esters in freshwaters as markers of contamination sources - A site study in Italy

Matteo Vitali, Maurizio Guidotti, Giannetto Macilenti, Carlo Cremisini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)


A sampling campaign for the determination of phthalate acid esters (PAEs) levels in freshwaters and sediments of rivers and lakes of the Rieti District (central Italy) was carried out in 1994. Sixty-six water samples, collected in three series, and thirteen sediment samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). The analytical results on water samples showed a direct relation of PAEs levels with the input of urban or industrial treated wastewaters near the sampling point. Because of their tendency to be adsorbed on sediments, the presence of PAEs was limited to within a few kilometers of the source of contamination. Accumulation factors in sediment samples, in fact, ranged from 10 to 100.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337 - 347
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this