Plasma polarimetry for large Cotton-Mouton and Faraday effects

S.E. Segre

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A formalism is presented for treating plasma polarimetry when both the Cotton-Mouton and the Faraday effects are large. For this general case it is shown that, for each measuring chord, up to nine parameters related to the plasma can be determined, instead of the usual single Faraday rotation. These parameters can be measured by a convenient modulation of the polarization state of the input radiation, and they can be used in the reconstruction of the magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium. Thus, the potential of the polarimetric diagnostic can be significantly increased, and the range of plasma conditions where the latter can be used, is extended. The importance of refraction is discussed. © 1995 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2908 - 2914
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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