Plasma rotation and NTM onset driven by central EC deposition in TCV tokamak

S. Nowak, E. Lazzaro, O. Sauter, G. Canal, B. Duval, L. Federspiel, A.N. Karpushov, D. Kim, D. Raju, H. Reimerders, J. Rossel, D. Testa, D. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of the central electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (ECCD) on the spontaneous plasma rotation and on the presence of Tearing Modes (TM), observed in the TCV tokamak[1], were recently investigated as an interplay between the toroidal velocity and NTM onset in absence of sawteeth, ELMs and error fields [2-3]. In a set of reproducible TCV discharges (Ip∼-150 kA, Bt∼-1.4 T, ne,av∼1.5 1019m-3, Te∼ 3 keV and Ti∼0.25 keV, q95∼5.8) with both pure EC heating and current drive the cnt-Ip toroidal velocity was observed to be reduced with subsequent co-Ip appearance of 3/2 and 2/1 modes during the ramp up EC phases. The understanding of the capability of the on-axis EC power to modify the rotation profiles before and after the TM onset and of the sudden disappearance of 3/2 mode when 2/1 starts is the main purpose of this work. The velocity profile modifications are due to a direct effect of the EC absorbed power and also related to some variation of the perpendicular diffusion of the toroidal momentum and to magnetic braking effects of the kind of neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) due to the NTM resonant field perturbations associated to the presence of TM. Numerical investigations are performed using a 1D toroidal momentum balance equation including contributions by external sources, as EC power, and NTV torques. Furthermore, the combined evolution of the 3/2 and 2/1 modes requires considering also coupling effects included in a generalized Rutherford equation for the modelling of the TM time growth. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event20th Topical Conference on Radiofrequency Power in Plasmas - , Italy
Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …

Conference

Conference20th Topical Conference on Radiofrequency Power in Plasmas
CountryItaly
Period1/1/14 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nowak, S., Lazzaro, E., Sauter, O., Canal, G., Duval, B., Federspiel, L., Karpushov, A. N., Kim, D., Raju, D., Reimerders, H., Rossel, J., Testa, D., & Wagner, D. (2014). Plasma rotation and NTM onset driven by central EC deposition in TCV tokamak. Paper presented at 20th Topical Conference on Radiofrequency Power in Plasmas, Italy. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4864598