Poloidal spin up and electric-field generation related to displacement current and neoclassical transport

G. Gervasini, E. Lazzaro, E. Minardi

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In accordance with the conventional orderings of neoclassical theory, poloidal and toroidal accelerations with constant parallel flow can be driven by heat transport in the absence of external momentum input and with vanishing parallel viscous stress. In a transient phase in which the heat transport is the primary source of the time dependence, the torque generating the rotation is provided at third order in the adiabatic expansion by the surface-averaged (non-ambipolar) displacement current, which is also responsible for charge build-up and for the radial electric field. The heat transport equation has been solved in a narrow layer interfaced with the intensely heated plasma core through heat flux continuity, assuming neoclassical multicollisional coefficients with self-consistent suppression mechanism of anomalous transport. Starting from low temperature in the edge layer, a strong temperature gradient, a mass poloidal rotation in the ion direction and a strongly negative sheared radial electric field can be generated, in agreement with the observations, and reach a stationary state after a displacement current-dominated triggering phase (intrinsically non-ambipolar) lasting few milliseconds. Momentum input becomes important on longer time scale and is responsible for the toroidal rotation, decoupled from temperature gradient and for a further development of the radial electric field. The results show the ability of edge transport processes to adapt flexibly to a high temperature imposed on the inner side of the edge layer and support the view that the edge processes are an integral part of a more fundamental global process involving possibly an internal bifurcation of state. © 1996 Società Italiana di Fisica.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897 - 914
Number of pages18
JournalNuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica D - Condensed Matter, Atomic, Molecular and Chemical Physics, Biophysics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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