Polycapillary optics for soft X-ray imaging and tomography

D. Pacella, S. Dabagov, F. Murtas, A. Romano, D. Hampai, L. Gabellieri, D. Mazon

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Magnetic plasmas are extended volumetric sources of X-rays, and these emissions could reveal a lot of information about the processes occurring into the plasmas. Unfortunately, the constraints posed by these toroidal devices (high neutron flux, gamma and hard-X background, extremely high radiofrequency powers, high magnetic fields, optical limitations and so on) are very severe and limit strongly the possibility to install X-ray detectors directly into or close to the machine. Soft X-ray diagnostics are meant both as tomography and imaging. We started, therefore, to investigate the feasibility of using polycapillary optics for these purposes, in collaboration between Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)-Frascati, Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente (ENEA)-Frascati and the Commissariat de l'Energie Atomique (CEA)-Cadarache. The first tests were performed in order to characterize the polycapillary lenses (convergence, divergence, efficiency, spectral dispersion, etc.) for distances much larger than the optical focal length of the lenses, both for the detector and for the source. A silicon-based C-MOS imager (Medipix 2) has been used as a detector and the micro focus X-ray tubes as point-like sources. Results of these preliminary tests are presented, and the imaging capabilities of a polycapillary lens as well. © Società Italiana di Fisica.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513 - 520
Number of pages8
JournalNuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica C
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Pacella, D., Dabagov, S., Murtas, F., Romano, A., Hampai, D., Gabellieri, L., & Mazon, D. (2011). Polycapillary optics for soft X-ray imaging and tomography. Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica C, 34(4), 513 - 520. https://doi.org/10.1393/ncc/i2011-10976-8